An emergency kit is simply a collection of basic items your household may need in the event of an emergency.
Try to assemble your kit well in advance of an emergency. You may have to evacuate at a moment’s notice and take essentials with you. You will probably not have time to search for the supplies you need or shop for them.
You may need to survive on your own after an emergency. This means having your own food, water and other essential supplies in sufficient quantity to last for at least 72 hours. Local officials and relief workers will be on the scene after a disaster but they cannot reach everyone immediately. You could get help in hours or it might take days.
Additionally, basic services such as electricity, gas, water, sewage treatment and telephones may be cut off for some time. Your kit should contain items to help you manage during these outages.
Water, food, and clean air are essential to have if an emergency happens. Each family or individual's kit should be customized to meet specific needs, such as medications and infant formula. It should also be customized to include important family documents.
Recommended Supplies to Include in a Basic Kit:
o Portable AM/FM radio and fresh batteries
o Torch, lamps, candles, matches, etc. Extra batteries of the correct sizes.
- Water containers. Calculate one gallon of water per person per day, for drinking and sanitation.
- Canned food, can opener, cooking gear, eating utensils.
- Rice, flour, biscuits, cheese, and other non-perishable foods. Enough to last three days.
- First aid kit, manual and essential medicines.
- Wet wipes, rubbish bags and ties for personal sanitation.
- Supplies for infants such as nappies, formula etc, if there is an infant in the family
- Clothes secured in plastic bags.
- Tool kit for emergency repairs (hammer, nail, rope, etc..)
- Important Family Documents such as copies of identification documents, insurance policies, and bank account records in a waterproof, portable container
Clothing and Bedding:
One complete change of warm clothing and shoes per person, including:
- A water proof jacket
- Long trousers
- A long sleeved shirt
- Sturdy shoes
- A sleeping bag or warm blanket for each person
Family Supply List (continued)
Below are some other items for your family to consider adding to its supply kit.
- Emergency reference materials such as a first aid book
- Rain gear
- Mess kits, paper cups, plates and plastic utensils
- Cash, change
- Paper towels
- Fire Extinguisher
- Matches in a waterproof container
- Paper, pencil
- Personal hygiene items including feminine supplies
- Important Family Documents such as copies of insurance policies, identification and bank account records in a waterproof, portable container